Who Do Spinal Cord Injuries Affect in the United States?
- 250,000 Americans are spinal cord injured.
- 52% of spinal cord injured individuals are considered paraplegic and 47% quadriplegic.
- Approximately 11,000 new injuries occur each year.
- 82% are male.
- 56% of injuries occur between the ages of 16 and 30.
- The average age of spinal cord injured person is 31.
SCI injuries are most commonly caused by:
- Vehicular accidents 37%
- Violence 28%
- Falls 21%
- Sports-related 6%
- Other 8%
The most rapidly increasing cause of injuries is due to violence; vehicular accident injuries are decreasing in number.
89% of all SCI individuals are discharged from hospitals to a private home, 4.3% are discharged to nursing homes.
Only 52% of SCI individuals are covered by private health insurance at time of injury.
What Do Spinal Cord Injuries Really Cost?
- Length of initial hospitalization following injury in acute care units: 15 days
- Average stay in rehabilitation unit: 44 days
- Initial hospitalization costs following injury: $140,000
- Average first year expenses for a SCI injury (all groups): $198,000
- First year expenses for paraplegics: $152,000
- First year expenses for quadriplegics: $417,000
- Average lifetime costs for paraplegics, age of injury 25: $428,000
- Percentage of SCI individuals who are covered by private health insurance at time of injury: 52%
- Percentage of SCI individuals unemployed eight years after injury 63%
Source: The University of Alabama National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center